MARSHES OF EGYEK-PUSZTAKÓCS NATURE TRAIL
Cultural heritage: Meggyes “csárda”
Demonstration: bikepath, bird hides
Accessibility: on the main Road 33 at the parting of the Egyek
Marsh-land of Egyek-Pusztakócs used to cover about 10000 ha, near Ohat-Egyek-Tiszafüred. The original marshes collected the huge floods of River Tisza. The water was carried back to the River Tisza on the system of River Zádor and River Körös-Berettyó after floods. The terrain is more diversified than in the part of Hortobágy lying east of the marshland. Rivers left their traces everywhere. It is easy to recognise the former channel of the River Tisza or of its tributary in the long lying basin of the Kis-Jusztus marsh.
Due to river regulations of the last century the natural water supply of the marshland was cut off. The flora and fauna of the marshland forced back into smaller and smaller areas and they were thretened with extinction by the indusrialized agriculture draining the waters left. So the sytem of marshes of Egyek-Pusztakócs (consisting Fekete-rét, Kis-Jusztus, Meggyes-lapos, Hagymás-lapos, Csattag, Bőgő-lapos marshes) called for rehabilitation. When the marshland became a part of the national park, a water supplying canal was introduced into the deepest basin of the marshland, the Fekete rét, as first arrangement. The water comes form the Western-Canal deriving from River Tisza. With building drainig canal several years later water level regulation was accomplished. After ten years Kis-Jusztus marsh also was connected to this canal which goes southward to the Kunkápolnás marshes. Satisfactory solution was the big investment in 1996 supplying water to all the marshes. In this way water movements of the once unregulated River Tisza can be simuleted. Birds quickly occupied the territory which became a real waterfowlworld. The marshland is internationaly protected as a Ramsar site from 1976. Marshes rehabilitated have again central role in the spring and autumn migration of birds. Open water clearings and reed beds are occupied by all the four Grebes nesting in Hungary. Whiskered Tern and Black-winged Tern nesting in smaller colonies often occur over arable lands eating insects. Great-white Egrets together with some couples Purple Heron live in the reeds of Fekete-rét marsh. Marsh Harrier also often occurs here. After the favourable changes the marshland became a target for tourists and scientist in Hortobágy.
Stations of Egyek-Pusztakócs bikepath signed by demonstration boards
Western-resthouse of HNP is the starting point. Visitors can get information about the programmes of the national park and bicycles can be borrowed here as well. In the resthouse visitors can see the exhibition of " Hortobágy in old maps". The bikepath goes on the former "salt-road" (on which salt used to be transported form Transylvania).
From the second station signed by demonstration board visitors can walk into the Fekete-rét marsh on a 1 km long nature trail to a 10 m high birdwatching tower.
"Górés tanya" is the third station where visitors can read about the history of kurgans (burial mounds) and can see the bird rehabilitation centre.
Next statoin is the Meggyes csárda which is a csárda museum and a resting place.
The last station is the bird hide of Kis-Jusztus marsh which can easily be approached.
Bikepath goes on dirt road so it is suitable only for practiced cyclists.